National Conciliation and Mediation Board

Regional Branch No. 5

20 April 2021


Legazpi City – The National Conciliation and Mediation Board Region 5 conducts training for its staff on the topic “Fourth Industrial Revolution” dubbed as FIRe or 4IR.  The activity aims to update and inform the office and staff of the challenges and impacts brought about by the changes of this new era.  How are we going to cope with this fast-changing digital world of information technology? And how will this impact and affect our society. 

The training was held at Sto. Domingo, Albay last April 8, 2021. A staff development activity for the RCMB5 personnel.

Director Reynaldo Foncardas, in his opening message welcomed and thanked his staff for making this activity possible.  He commended our very own Senior LEO Ms. Efleda Hourani for taking the challenge to be our resource speaker for the day to discuss this interesting and complex topic of 4IR.   He also reminded us to strictly observe the COVID-19 health protocols as we conduct the activity outside our office.

Why 4IR?  One of the most important topics today is about CHANGE.  We may be wondering what is happening now in our world, the innovations, the transformations, the automations, the digital world, and how it impacts society.  Fourth Industrial Revolution, based on the book by Kim Sanghoon, is used to refer to a variety of technological changes and innovations that have occurred since the beginning of the 21st century with potentially dramatic effects on economy and society.  This is characterized by increased automation of working practices effecting both low and middle skill jobs, greater connectivity, machine learning and developments in new and emerging technologies.

The original and first Industrial Revolution is during the 19th century, driven by the discovery that steam and water can do all kinds of interesting things.  This was followed by additional revolution for electricity and computers and communication technology in the 20th century.  The third IR is the discovery of electronics and information technology.  And today, we are now in the early stage of the 4IR, which is bringing together, digital, physical and biological system. 

There are implications identified in the 4IR.  First, is that automation will impact the jobs.  This may take away some jobs, but new jobs may be created and some of our current jobs maybe enhanced. Another implication is that workers are being displaced by robotics.  Replaced by softwares, call center agents switched jobs and considered computer schools to ride the automation wave that threaten to displace thousands in the outsourcing industry.  Call Center agents should upgrade their skills to be able to work in tandem with artificial intelligence solutions.  Farm robots are starting to take some human jobs.  This may require farmer owners to hire highly skilled people to operate or maintain the advanced technology.  Automation or robotics will not replace farmers, but it will displace a number of people contracted to perform the planting and harvesting.  Another implication is that clerical, routinary and low-skilled jobs have high risk to be automated. Highly skilled workers working with technology will benefit.

To cope with the risks associated with the future of work, we have to embrace the new technology to become globally competitive. We must be innovative, creative and to always think of progress.  Support employers and workers organizations.  Strengthen tripartite relations and enhance collaboration with relevant stakeholders.  From viewpoint of labor or jobs, education and training is a must.  We need better productivity.  Human always use tools, but because of the recent advances in technology, we are beginning to have machines that can augment us in interesting ways, and this is the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. – fin.

Prepared By:                                                             APPROVED BY:

HAZEL G. CAROCHE                                            REYNALDO S. FONCARDAS

        LEO III                                                                Regional Branch Director